Weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery is a lifesaver for those who have obesity or diabetic problems. In case you are severely obese with any other health condition due to your weight, you become a suitable candidate for weight loss surgery.
The long-term success of weight loss surgery depends upon your permanent changes in diet, behavior, and exercises. People who undergo these surgeries and stick to the changes in lifestyle recommended by the doctor, experience significant benefits from it. Having an experienced surgeon performing the procedure minimizes the risks associated with the surgery in general. If you are interested in weight loss surgery in Sydney, you will find a few qualified surgeons in the area who are experts in their field.
The decision to go for weight loss surgery is surely a difficult one. Being significantly overweight is never a good thing as it is often accompanied by serious health issues such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Surgery is an option for those who are in such a condition and fail to lose weight with exercise and dietary changes. It is normally advised for individuals with a BMI of 40 and above, or those with a BMI of 35 and above with other weight-related health problems.
Like every other surgery or medical procedure, weight loss surgery has its own share of pros and cons. Let us take a look at some of the facts and figures related to this procedure.
Pros of Weight Loss Surgery
- You Live Longer
A 2018 study suggested that those who underwent weight-loss surgery lived longer compared to others of the same age, sex, and BMI who chose not to go for the procedure. The reason behind this view remains in the fact that the surgery removes all the unnecessary fats from the body. The body is cleansed of certain conditions and hence the individual’s s life expectancy increases.
- Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases
A study by the American Society for Metabolic Surgery in 2018 stated that there is a 40 percent reduction in the risk of heart diseases in bariatric patients. This means there is a reduced chance of having any cardiovascular disease after undergoing weight loss surgery. The participants in the study also showed signs of the least possibility of contracting coronary heart disease. The reason here is the removal of excessive fatty tissues during the process. Functions of the heart improve drastically due to weight loss as there is an increase in blood flow throughout the body.
- Less Sleep Apnea and Joint Problems
Those who undergo weight loss surgery of any kind experience less sleep apnea, which is a branch of insomnia. A reduction in sleep apnea means a person has better sleep functions and improvement in overall health. Similarly, good sleep affects the body in terms of joint problems. The body feels relaxed and joint problems reduce significantly.
- Improvement in Quality of Life
In addition to improving your mobility, weight loss surgery has social and psychological benefits. Weight loss surgeries have a positive impact on the quality of your life. An increase in mobility allows you to take part in certain physical activities that you found difficult or impossible earlier. You are also likely to experience a major increase in your self-esteem, resulting in more social interaction and better relationships with others. In addition, you may find a significant reduction in depression and anxiety after the surgery.
Cons of Weight Loss Surgery
Like any other surgery, weight loss surgery also carries certain risks. These may include problems such as aesthetic, post-surgery infections or bleedings. Several additional conditions are also associated with weight-loss surgeries. These conditions include bloating, nausea, dizziness, sweating and excessive gas. Of course, your doctor will explain these conditions to you in detail before the surgery. Not everyone experiences the same problems and you might not even have to experience any of them.
You need to consult your doctor and make an appointment to determine whether you qualify for the procedure or not. For some people, weight loss surgery acts as an answer to lifelong problems. If you decide to undergo surgery, it might be the best thing you do for your health.
Some of the major cons of the surgery are as follows:
- Risks associated with medical conditions
If you have certain medical conditions, there is a chance that they could worsen after surgery – this is true for conditions like blood clots, liver diseases, heart problems, and kidney stones. You need to consult your physician before surgery to determine whether you qualify, in case you have any other condition present. It is important to take into special consideration the impact the surgery could have on your other medical conditions.
- Physical, Mental and Social Concerns
Following the first few months of your surgery, you have an increased risk of having some post-surgery concerns. These include:
- Depression, especially for those who have experienced it before surgery
- Alcohol and substance addiction disorders
- Change in social relations
- Hair loss, saggy skin, and gallstones
Some of these concerns might prove to be too much to bear for some people so it is important to think about whether you are ready for the change.
- Increased Fertility in Women
There is a possibility of increased fertility in women after the surgery takes place. This is because obesity is often linked to fertility problems and once the surgery takes care of that, you increase your chances of ovulating regularly. However, the recommendation is to avoid pregnancy for at least 12-18 months following the surgery due to concerns over maternal and fetal health.
Initial comprehensive evaluations of your overall heath help in determining whether the benefits outweigh the risks. It also determines if a person has is physically and mentally fit for the surgery or not. Evaluations are necessary to know whether your conditions allow you to go for surgery and whether there is a chance of any complications.
- The need for Additional Surgeries
Obesity serves as a chronic disease that needs constant battle for the rest of your life. The only option to get rid of it is through weight loss surgery. However, surgery is only the first step as additional complications and concerns may arise. Some people need more than one weight loss surgery in order to shed excess weight. Others may choose to remove saggy skin through additional surgery.
These are all possibilities one must be aware of before deciding to opt for weight loss surgery. Physicians usually identify any potential need for additional surgery following the primary one, depending upon the condition of the patient and their post-surgery evaluations.
Even though weight loss surgeries do reduce weight and obesity, it is possible to regain weight after it. If patients do not stick to their diet plans and exercise routines, chances are that they could gain more weight than before. If you decide to opt for weight loss surgery, be sure to follow all the lifestyle changes your doctor has advised. Consider working with a mental health professional for any stress you might have after the surgery. No one can decide whether weight loss surgery is good or bad. It all depends upon the present condition and past medical record of each patient.
A weight loss surgery that is successfully executed can definitely change your life for the better. It can bring a drastic change to your health and life. Be mindful of the pros and cons present and then move forward with the decision with confidence. Be sure to evaluate your medical and physical condition before the surgery to decide whether it is the right choice. Obesity surely is a disease, rather than a condition and it is important to treat it as such.