The university students of today face some demands that results, in some occasions, certain disorders of health. Some problems in front of which there is that knows how to act in time. Research conducted by the National Alliance on Mental Illness on mental health on college campuses shows that one in four students has a diagnosable disease, but 40% do not seek help; that 80% feel overwhelmed by their responsibilities; and that 50% suffer anxiety due to school or college pressure.
So, although there are many health problems that affect students today, we will focus on the major issues of depression, anxiety, suicide, eating disorders and addiction. If you consider that someone you know shows the warning signs of any of these diseases, instead of looking the other way, look for the professional medical help that is needed to improve their condition.
Depression among college students shows many faces and is the main reason why students drop out of school, in addition to a problem that becomes a gateway to other problems and symptoms, and that in the most serious situations leads to the suicide.
Depression is a common but serious illness that makes you feel discouraged and helpless, and that interferes completely with your life, separating you from the world and making it difficult to work, study, sleep and eat. It is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors. According to the American Psychological Association, there has been a significant increase in the number of students seeking help for serious mental health problems in counseling centers on college campuses since the mid-1990s. And depression is ahead of the curve.
The symptoms of depression differ according to the case. So they can include feelings of sadness; loss of appetite or weight; slow thinking or speech; loss of interest in social activities; fatigue, loss of energy, insomnia; feelings of guilt or anger over past failures; problems to concentrate, indecision; anger or frustration without reason; or even thoughts of suicide
For most students, the university years are the best in their life, but there are factors like, the stress of being away from home, managing their studies and finding your own place in the university, that can lead to intense feelings of lack of motivaton and depression.
However, we must clarify that we all face some of these problems from time to time, but that does not mean that we are depressed. However, if someone begins to experience these symptoms with some regularity or several symptoms in a row, we recommend consulting with a specialist. On the other hand, identifying these symptoms in others can be complicated, since students often minimize or simply never talk about something that worries them because of insecurity or shame.
Moderately, stress and anxiety are part of most people’s lives and experiencing these feelings does not mean that you are facing an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders occur when anxiety interferes with your daily life, stopping your ability to function and causing an immense amount of stress and feelings of fear. Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental illnesses that affect 40 million adults over the age of 18, but only one third seek and receive treatment.
Anxiety disorders can include a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – a constant and serious anxiety that interferes with day-to-day activities; obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – unreasonable thoughts, fears, and obsessions that lead to repetitive behaviors or compulsions; panic disorder, characterized by frequent sudden attacks of terror, panic and constant fear; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition that is triggered by experiencing or witnessing a frightening event; Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), when a certain time of the year causes irrational anxiety or fear.
The symptoms of anxiety disorders can be confused with daily stress and manifest themselves differently in each person, but among the most common symptoms for anxiety disorders are feelings of stress and apprehension; irritability; the problems to concentrate; panic; sweating and dizziness; the difficulty to breathe; an irregular heartbeat; muscle pain and tension; Headaches; and stomach pains and diarrhea.
Taking a master’s degree or an MBA can become a period of stress in one’s life. And feelings of guilt and despair can arise when the necessary measures against stress are not taken.
Suicide is defined as the act of deliberately ending one’s life, and is one of the leading causes of death among university students in the United States. Each year there are more than 1,000 suicide deaths on college campuses in the US, according to data from Emory University . It is important to note that most students who are suicidal suffer from depression or other mental illness and that frustration leads some students to seriously consider ending their lives.
Although it may seem like a desperate act that comes without warning, there are often clues that say when someone has reached that level of hopelessness that makes them believe that ending their life is the only way out. The signs are not always clear and they also differ from person to person, but among the common warning signs are depression or negative changes in mood, feeling of hopelessness; talk about suicide or have suicidal thoughts; sudden changes in personality and behavior; extreme physical and emotional pain; decrease in academic performance; avoid friends or social activities; Sudden calm after a long period of depression … Most college students who take their own lives have a diagnosable and treatable mental illness.
Millions of university students, both women and men, develop eating disorders during their studies, and a large majority do not seek help or do not realize the extent of their problems. Eating disorders are extreme behaviors that revolve around problems with food and our weight. People aged 12 to 25 years represent 95% of people with eating disorders, according to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders (ANAD).
Anorexia is a common eating disorder characterized by an obsession with thinness and the fear of gaining weight; bulimia, characterized by recurrent episodes of compulsive eating and then compensating for it with provoked vomiting, fasting or excessive exercise; or binge eating syndrome (BED).
The signs and symptoms of eating disorders vary by person, however, there are alerts that are common factors for this type of mental disorders such as having a distorted or poor body image of themselves; excessive exercise; the irregular heartbeat; dehydration; fear of eating in public; etc.
We all have days when our image of ourselves is not the best and when we look in the mirror we see only defects. In addition there are times when we do not feed ourselves properly due to stress or suffer from inadequate schedules. These temporary episodes do not mean that we are at risk of suffering from an eating disorder, but we must not forget that they are dangerous and contribute to other serious health problems if not treated properly.
The consumption of alcohol and drugs is a common practice among young people, but for some students what begins as a social habit can become a full-blown addiction.
In fact, although many students do not develop an addiction, they will feel the side effects of prolonged use of these substances. Those who do become dependent on alcohol or drugs may show some warning signs such as clumsy speech or a lack of coordination; fear, anxiety or paranoia for no apparent reason; sudden need for money or financial crises; deterioration of physical appearance, such as sudden weight loss or gain, and change in personal hygiene habits; or sudden changes in your friends circles, activities or hobbies.
Julie Reader is a freelance content writer/Outreach Expert from New York City. She graduated from the University of Miami and started his activity in creative writing and digital marketing. Currently working for a top UK Essay Writing company offering service for those who need quality education or homework assistance.