A Varicose vein is a health condition attributed to enlarged and twisted veins that commonly occurs on the legs. Varicose veins can also occur on any other parts of the human body, including waist and groin area. Veins are blood vessels that allow blood to flow back to the heart. Veins have leaflet valves that control the blood flow, inhibiting blood from flowing back, a condition referred to as venous reflux. The veins located around the human legs are surrounded by muscles that help generate pressure in the blood flow towards the heart.
An individual diagnosed with varicose veins will often have swollen and twisted veins that can be visible to the human eye. Mainly, this is because, varicose veins occur in the superficial veins of the legs, because one exerts a lot of pressure on the legs, especially when standing. In this case, the leaflets of the veins fail to work; a condition referred to as valvular incompetence. At this point, blood flows back, leading to increased swelling of the veins. Many people with varicose veins often experience immense pain, especially when they are exerting pressure in the area that has the swollen veins, for example, the lower back of the legs. This condition can be fatal if it is not diagnosed and treated in time.
How is Varicose Veins Diagnosed
Varicose vein is diagnosed through a physical examination of the patient, especially, observing the areas with swollen veins. The patient may be required to remain standing as the doctor checks the back of their legs to find any sign of enlarged or twisted veins. If the patient shows any pain, this could be considered a sign of varicose veins. Furthermore, the doctor can also recommend an ultrasound, which is used to establish whether the leaflet valves in the veins are functioning correctly or not. This will also help determine whether there is any sign of clots in the veins. In an invasive procedure, a health technician uses a handheld tool called a transducer on the specific skin region for observation. The tool conveys a visual image of the veins located in the skin area under observation for the healthcare team to observe and analyze.
How is Varicose Veins Treated?
With increased progress in the medical industry, many people have been treated without a need to go through a hospital stay. Besides, other treatment approaches are applicable in extreme cases of varicose veins that target patients who do not respond well to the first treatment alternatives, which include the following:
Sclerotherapy – It entails injecting smalldoses of a unique solution that scars and shuts the affected veins. The patient recovers in 2-3 weeks. This process does not need anesthesia, and the patient can be placed on this therapy right at the practitioner’s office. Furthermore, there is a new therapy that entails the use of foam to seal a varicose vein.
Laser surgery – This is a technology that entails the use of a powerful burst of light that helps seal off the tiny varicose veins, making them fade. It does not involve any incisive process or the use of needles. Also, a related procedure can be used, which is the laser energy that entails a catheter that is injected into the swollen vein, and the end of the catheter is heated by the use of a radio frequency. The heating process seals off the vein when removing the catheter. The laser energy therapy applies to cases where the veins appear large and swollen.
Vein stripping – It entails stripping off a vein to prevent it from attaching to a deep vein. It also entails fading the vein away with tiny incisions. Getting rid of the superficial varicose veins does not affect the flow of blood, as the deep-seated vein progress the flow of blood as usual.
Ambulatory phlebectomy – This entails the removal of the varicose veins by using small skin punctures. The healthcare professional only numbs the specific areas for pricking, which minimizes scarring.
Vein surgery – It is a treatment option applied in the cases where all other procedures fail. It entails using a tiny video camera that conveys the image of the affected veins. The health care practitioners remove them by making incisions, a process performed on outpatients.
The home Remedy for Varicose Veins
Home remedies are preferable for controlling pain and enhancing comfort for people diagnosed with varicose veins. Some recommended home remedies can avert or reduce the progression of varicose veins, which are the following:
Exercising – One of the most significant ways of managing varicose veins at home is by exercising, which helps shed excessive weight. One can also lie down with their feet elevated to help the blood flow back to the heart. It is possible to use pillows to raise the legs up above the body level. Besides, it is imperative to avoid taking positions that can cut the blood flow, such as crossing legs for long hours on end. One needs to avoid standing for long hoursnon stop. Getting sufficient rest can help control the extreme effects of varicose veins. However, the exercise regime level needs to be recommended by a qualified doctor or a related medical practitioner.
Weight management – The best way to control or prevent varicose veins is by managing weight and diet. Legs take excess pressure on the veins when one is overweight or obese. Adhering to a healthy diet often helps control weight and enables one to lead a healthy life.
Shoes and clothes – Clothes to be worn are supposed to be lighter and less tight. Tight garments tend to increase pressure on the skin, further straining the veins and causing varicose veins. Shoes also play a significant part, with overly tight shoes and high heels straining the blood veins, further cutting blood flow.
Compression stockings – They help press on the legs, enabling the veins and leg muscles to allow blood to flow smoothly and continuously. The compression level may vary depending on the type of stockings or brand. Only doctor-recommended compression stockings are applicable. People who can use compression stockings include women who develop varicose veins during their pregnancy term. However, this type of varicose veins may disappear between 3 to 12 months after giving birth, even without any therapy, but with common home remedy alternatives, and the use of compression stockings. However, if symptoms persist, seek medical advice in vein clinics nears you where you will get a proper diagnosis, treatment, and care.