Home Disease Chlamydia: Symptoms, causes and it’s Treatment

Chlamydia: Symptoms, causes and it’s Treatment

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We have all heard about sexually transmitted diseases and how they affect day to day life. One of these is Chlamydia. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease found very commonly in males and females. It is more common in women than in men and can cause serious harm to the female reproductive system if not treated in time. It is caused by unprotected (unsafe/ without the use of a condom) sex between partners. Chlamydia is caused by a rampant spread of bacteria between partners. It has very few outward symptoms and can lay undetected for a while.

Since Chlamydia is almost undetectable, it tends to cause dangerous medical conditions later on, including endangering pregnancies, preventing women from getting pregnant, and even being passed on to the unborn child. Chlamydia can be treated with the help of antibiotics due to the bacterial nature of the infection. Azithromycin is the drug used to cure Chlamydia in males and females.

What causes Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia Trachomatis and gets activated in the cervix, rectum, or throat due to unprotected sex. Sexual relations with multiple partners, unprotected sex without a condom, and unprotected oral and anal sex are ways in which Chlamydia spreads rampantly. Just having sexual relations is not enough to get Chlamydia; it can also spread by touching the genital parts together. The good news is that it can be identified quite easily through swab or urinary tests. These swabs or urine samples get sent to a laboratory for further testing and results are usually available after a week.

Symptoms of Chlamydia:

Chlamydia does not have any fast-acting outward signs. Symptoms may appear after several weeks post having unprotected sex or sex with an infected partner.

Symptoms in women are pain during sex, burn-like sensation while urinating, and abnormal discharge with a foul smell. If the infection goes untreated, women may get nausea, fever, and pain in the lower abdominal region. Symptoms in men are pain or swelling (or both) in the testicles, burn-like sensation while urinating, thick malodorous discharge from the penis, and itching and burning around the genital area. Men, like women, may also feel nausea, fever, and pain in the lower abdominal region.

If Chlamydia spreads to the rectum, men and women may have rectal bleeding, discharge, or pain.

How Azithromycin helps in the treatment of Chlamydia:

Although Chlamydia can develop into a severe medical condition, it is easy to treat. The bacterial nature and spread of Chlamydia make it easier to be managed by Antibiotics.

Azithromycin is the drug of choice for Chlamydia infections and spread. It is an orally administered drug consumed with a few sips of water. It works by ceasing the growth and spread of bacteria. It comes under the class of macrolide-type of antibiotics and can be consumed once or twice daily depending on the doctors’ prescription. It can be taken on a full stomach or just after eating in case of a stomach upset.

Azithromycin is usually prescribed as a 7-day course, or a 2-day course depending on the seriousness of the bacterial infection. Most people tend to discontinue the medicine once the symptoms disappear. Ideally, you should continue the medication for the entire duration of the course since this helps clear the infection entirely, and not just the symptoms of Chlamydia.

One thing to remember is that people who have faced or are facing low potassium blood levels, kidney disease/ issues, arrhythmic heart conditions, high or low blood pressure, diabetes, and liver disease/ issues should be very wary about Azithromycin. Women should also inform doctors if they are pregnant to avoid further complication with the unborn baby. Azithromycin is not known to harm unborn children and should not be taken for common colds, flu, or viral fevers.

Ways to ease Chlamydia:

  • Chlamydia can be mitigated with the use of an orally administered antibiotic medication like Azithromycin. Most doctors mention that in case you have contracted Chlamydia, any sexual partners need to get treatment too.
  • The oral suspension (extended release liquid) form of Azithromycin should be taken at least an hour before meals or 2 hours after meals. The oral suspension should not be consumed on a full stomach.
  • Chlamydia symptoms get treated first, but the infection may still be present. People infected should take Azithromycin for the entire duration prescribed to avoid reversal of symptoms and further spread of the disease.
  • Since Chlamydia can cause pain during sexual intercourse, you should avoid having sex for seven days from the start date of the medication.

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